Early childhood care is becoming increasingly common in modern society. As a matter of fact, over 67% of children today are in childcare.
In most cases, the reason why a child is placed in a program is because both parents are very busy working. They are unable to supervise and take care of their children. There are many other circumstances where families are in need of using childcare facilities. At the end of the day, these programs play an increasingly-important role in the social and cognitive development of children today.
Children's behavioral and cognitive development are largely influenced by the environments they are exposed; this includes both their home environment and any daycare facility they spend time at. There has been an increasing interest in research about the effects of childcare experiences on the cognitive behavior of the children.
According to Reuters, children who get high quality care have been reported to score high academic grades compared to those who do not participate in these programs. Further, the studies report consistent and lasting benefits in terms of the cognitive development of the children. Apart from the behavioral cognitive benefits, there is remarkable improvement in social competence for those children as well.
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development reports that childcare greatly improves academic performance by preparing children with essential reading, writing and organizational skills. This is because children participate in various activities such as learning responsibilities, following directions and working with other children in groups. This prepares them for school and life in general.
That said, it is important to note that various studies suggest high quality care has to be provided in order to realize the perceived benefits. In other words, quality staff, safety, security, and the environment are contributing factors to early child cognitive development.